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The Budget Calendar (internal link)

The union's involvement in the budget process should begin well before there is a written budget. It is much easier to have the union's interests represented while developing a proposed budget than to lobby for changes in a budget that has been fought over, carefully crafted, and finally adopted.

In most jurisdictions the budget cycle begins seven to nine months before the start of the new fiscal year. A fiscal year is the twelve month period used by the jurisdiction for budgeting purposes. Often, it will be different from a calendar year. In the early stages of the process, information may be limited to policy statements and projections of employment levels by the jurisdiction's chief executive (mayor, city manager, county executive, or governor). In the later stages, you can use the techniques discussed in this guide to analyze the executive's proposed budget and the final approved budget. Additional information on the budget process is provided in Appendix II.