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This study documents current trends in the privatization of public school transportation in Ohio and tracks recent changes in costs and service among school districts in the state that have privatized their pupil transportation services. The research relies primarily on transportation data reported to the state by each school district from 1994 to 1998. The two central findings of the study are: 1) in contracting districts the median cost per mile and the cost per pupil are significantly higher than they are for districts that maintain transportation services in-house; 2) although interest in and use of contractors grew significantly over the five years of this study, the overall role that contractors play in the state is small.

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